Laura Nyro (October 18, 1947 – April 8, 1997) was an American composer, lyricist, singer, and pianist. Her style was a hybrid of Brill Building-style New York pop, jazz, gospel, rhythm and blues, show tunes and rock.
She was best known, and enjoyed her greatest commercial success, as a composer and lyricist rather than as a performer. Between 1968 and 1970 a number of other singers had significant hits with her songs: The 5th Dimension with "Blowing Away", "Wedding Bell Blues", "Stoned Soul Picnic", "Sweet Blindness", "Save The Country" and "Black Patch"; Blood, Sweat & Tears and Peter, Paul & Mary with "And When I Die"; Three Dog Night with "Eli's Coming"; and Barbra Streisand with "Stoney End", "Time and Love", and "Hands off the Man (Flim Flam Man)". Nyro's best-selling single was her recording of Carole King and Gerry Goffin's "Up on the Roof."
Nyro was born Laura Nigro in the Bronx, New York, the daughter of Gilda Mirsky Nigro, a bookkeeper, and Louis Nigro, a piano tuner and jazz trumpeter. Laura has a brother, Jan Nigro. As a child, she taught herself piano, read poetry, and listened to her mother's records by Leontyne Price, Billie Holiday and classical composers such as Ravel and Debussy. She composed her first songs at the age of eight. With her family, she spent summers in the Catskill Mountains where her father played the trumpet at resorts. She credited the Sunday school at the New York Society for Ethical Culture with providing the basis of her education; she also attended Manhattan's High School of Music and Art.
While in high school, she sang with a group of friends in subway stations and on street corners. She said :- "I would go out singing, as a teenager, to a party or out on the street, because there were harmony groups there, and that was one of the joys of my youth". Among her favorite musicians were John Coltrane, Nina Simone, Pete Seeger, Curtis Mayfield, Van Morrison, and girl groups such as The Supremes, Martha and the Vandellas and the Shirelles. She also commented : "I was always interested in the social consciousness of certain songs. My mother and grandfather were progressive thinkers, so I felt at home in the peace movement and the women's movement, and that has influenced my music".
 Early career
Her father’s work brought him into contact with record company executive Artie Mogull (1927–2004), who auditioned Laura in 1966 and became her first manager. As a teenager she experimented with using different names, and Nyro (which she pronounced "NEER-oh") was the one she was using at the time. She sold her song, "And When I Die", to Peter, Paul and Mary for $5,000, and made her first extended professional appearance, at age 18, singing at the "hungry i" coffeehouse in San Francisco. Mogull negotiated her a recording contract, and she recorded her debut album, More Than a New Discovery, for the Verve Folkways label. The album provided material for other artists, notably the 5th Dimension.
In 1967, Nyro made only her second major live appearance, at the Monterey Pop Festival. Although some accounts described her performance as a fiasco that culminated in her being booed off the stage, recordings later made public contradict this view.
Soon afterwards, David Geffen approached Mogull about taking over as her agent. Nyro successfully sued to void her management and recording contracts on the grounds that she had entered into them while still a minor. Geffen became her manager, and the two established a publishing company, Tuna Fish Music, under which the proceeds from her future compositions would be divided equally between them. Geffen also arranged Nyro’s new recording contract with Clive Davis at Columbia Records, and purchased the publishing rights to her early compositions. Around this time Nyro considered becoming lead singer for Blood, Sweat & Tears, after the departure of founder Al Kooper, but was dissuaded by Geffen. However, BS&T would go on to have a hit with a cover of her song "And When I Die."
The new contract allowed Nyro more artistic freedom and control. In 1968 Columbia Records released her second album, Eli and the Thirteenth Confession. This received high critical praise for the depth and sophistication of the performance and arrangements, merging pop structure with inspired imagery, rich vocals and avant-garde jazz, and is widely considered to be one of her best works. It was followed in 1969 by New York Tendaberry, another highly acclaimed work which cemented Nyro’s artistic credibility. The record's "Time and Love" and "Save the Country" emerged as two of her most well-regarded and popular songs.
Her fourth album, Christmas and the Beads of Sweat, was issued at the end of 1970. The set contained such well-known Nyro diamonds as "Upstairs By a Chinese Lamp" and "When I Was a Freeport and You Were the Main Drag". It featured Muscle Shoals musicians including Duane Allman. The following year’s Gonna Take a Miracle was an album of her favourite "teenage heartbeat songs", recorded with vocal group Labelle (Patti Labelle, Nona Hendryx and Sarah Dash) and the production team of Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff. With the exception of her attribution of the song "Désiree" (originally "Deserie" by The Charts), this was Nyro's sole album of wholly non-original material, featuring such songs as "Jimmy Mack", "Nowhere to Run", and "Spanish Harlem".
By this time, Nyro was married, to carpenter David Bianchini in 1971. She was also reportedly uncomfortable with attempts to market her as a celebrity, and she announced her retirement from the music business at the age of 24.
In 1973, her Verve debut album was acquired and reissued by Columbia as The First Songs.
 Later career
By 1976, her marriage had ended, and she returned with an album of new material, Smile. She then embarked on a four-month tour with a full band, which resulted in the 1977 live album Season of Lights. In the early 1980s, Laura began living with painter Maria Desiderio (1954–1999), a relationship which lasted 17 years, the rest of Laura's life.
After the 1978 album Nested, recorded when she was pregnant with her only child, she again took a break from recording, this time until 1984's Mother's Spiritual. She began touring with a band in 1988, her first concert appearances in ten years. The tour was dedicated to the animal rights movement. The shows led to her 1989 release, Laura: Live at the Bottom Line, which included six new compositions.
Her final album of predominantly original material was Walk the Dog and Light the Light (1993), her last album for Columbia, which was co-produced by Gary Katz, best known for his work with Steely Dan. This sparked reappraisal of her place in popular music, and new commercial offers began to appear. She turned down some lucrative film-composing offers, although she contributed a rare protest song to the Academy Award winning documentary "Broken Rainbow", about the unjust relocation of the Navajo people.
Both The Tonight Show and The Late Show with David Letterman staff heavily pursued Nyro for a TV appearance during this period, yet she turned them down as well, citing her discomfort with appearing on television (she made only a handful of early TV appearances and one fleeting moment on VH-1 performing the title song from “Broken Rainbow” on Earth Day in 1990). She never released an official video, although there was talk of filming some Bottom Line appearances in the 1990s. On the Fourth of July, 1991, she opened for Bob Dylan at the Tanglewood Music Center in Lenox, Massachusetts.
In 1996 she was diagnosed with ovarian cancer. After the diagnosis, Columbia Records prepared a double-disc CD retrospective of material from her years at the label. The company involved Nyro herself, who selected the tracks and approved the final project. She lived to see the release of Stoned Soul Picnic: The Best of Laura Nyro (1997), and was reportedly pleased with the outcome.
Nyro died of ovarian cancer in Danbury, Connecticut on April 8, 1997, at the age of 49; the same disease had claimed the life of her mother at the same age.
 Posthumous releases and legacy
Posthumous releases include Angel In The Dark (2001), which include her final studio recordings made in 1994 and 1995, and The Loom’s Desire, a set of live recordings with solo piano and harmony singers from The Bottom Line Christmas shows of 1993 and 1994.
A tribute album, Time and Love: The Music of Laura Nyro, on which Nyro's compositions were performed by fourteen women singers and groups, including Phoebe Snow, Suzanne Vega, Roseanne Cash, Sweet Honey in the Rock, Lisa Germano and Jane Siberry was issued in 1997 after her death. Siberry's contribution to the project was a medley of Nyro songs called "When I Think Of Laura Nyro", which would subsequently appear on her own compilation City.
Nyro's influence on popular musicians has also been acknowledged by such artists as Joni Mitchell, Melissa Manchester, Rickie Lee Jones, Steely Dan, Todd Rundgren, and Elton John. Rundgren stated that, once he heard her, he "stopped writing songs like The Who and started writing songs like Laura". His song about her, "Baby, Let's Swing" on his first solo album Runt, includes the lyrics "Laura...I saw you open in L. A." and "Now I love to shuffle / ever since I heard you sing".
Bruce Arnold of Orpheus was a huge fan, and vice-versa. One day at her home Laura showed drummer Bernard Purdie her collection of Orpheus albums that included an unopened copy of each for posterity.
Jenny Lewis of Rilo Kiley, when promoting her 2006 solo album Rabbit Fur Coat repeatedly cited Nyro's 1971 album Gonna Take a Miracle as a big influence on her music.
Elton John and Elvis Costello discussed Laura's significant influence on both of them during the premiere episode of Costello's interview show Spectacle on the Sundance channel. Elvis Costello with Elton John, episode 1
Bob Dylan reportedly startled a young Laura Nyro when he approached her at a party and declared "I love your chords!"
Diane Paulus and Bruce Buschel co-created Eli's Comin', a musical revue of the songs of Laura Nyro. Anika Noni Rose starred.
Alice Cooper has mentioned that Nyro is one of his favorite songwriters on his syndicated radio show.
Her songs were also recorded by artists as diverse as Frank Sinatra, Barbra Streisand, Bobby Darin, Carmen McRae, Junior Walker, Chet Atkins, The 5th Dimension and Swing Out Sister.
The musical theater composer Stephen Schwartz credits Nyro as a major influence on his work.
The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater and the Canadian Ballet have also included her music in their performances; notably, "Been On A Train" from Christmas and the Beads of Sweat comprises the second movement of Ailey's 1971 solo for Judith Jamison, Cry.
On her 2006 album Build a Bridge, the operatic/Broadway soprano Audra McDonald included covers of Laura Nyro's songs "To a Child" and "Tom Cat Goodbye".
Nyro's "Save the Country" was sampled on Kanye West's song "The Glory", on his 2007 album Graduation.
On October 2, 2007, three time Tony nominee Judy Kuhn released her new album Serious Playground: The Songs of Laura Nyro. The album, which debuted as a concert to a sold out house at Lincoln Center's American Songbook Series in January 2007, includes several of Nyro's biggest hits ("Stoned Soul Picnic", "Stoney End") as well as some of her lesser known gems.
Nyro's "Once It Was Alright" was sampled on J Dilla's song "All Right".
In his List of Music You Should Hear, Barry Manilow states, "When this album Eli & the 13th Confession came out in the '70s (sic), it rocked my world. Everything about it broke every rule I was taught. Tremendously original and edge-of-your-seat exciting." Manilow also mentions Nyro's influence in his book Sweet Life: Adventures on the Way to Paradise. In 2009, Manilow told BBC's 'Desert Island Discs' that hearing Nyro's first album was so impressive it made him stop writing for a year.
Nyro was very close to Alan Merrill. Her uncle Gary was married to Alan's aunt Dorothy.
 Biographies and analysis
A biography of Nyro, Soul Picnic: The Music and Passion of Laura Nyro, written by Michele Kort, was published in 2002 by Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Press.
Laura Nyro's music was the subject of an in-depth 2003 study by music theorist Ari Lauren at the University of Chicago. By analyzing the rhythmic and chordal progressions of Nyro's early work, Lauren elucidated the similarities between Nyro's songs and the compositions of the Tin Pan Alley era, arguing that Laura Nyro deserves a place within the pantheon of the Great American Songbook.
Nyro's life and music were celebrated in a 2005 BBC Radio 2 documentary, Shooting Star – Laura Nyro Remembered, which was narrated by her friend Bette Midler and included contributions from her one-time manager David Geffen, co-producers Arif Mardin and Gary Katz, and performers Suzanne Vega and Janis Ian. It was rebroadcast on April 4, 2006.
Janis Ian, who attended the High School of Music and Art in New York at the same time as Nyro, discussed her friendship with Nyro during the late 1960s in her autobiography, Society's Child. Ian described her as looking like a "Morticia Addams" caricature with her long, dark hair, and called her a "brilliant songwriter" but "oddly inarticulate" in terms of musical terminology. Ian was a fan of Nyro's work with producer Charlie Calello and chose him as the producer of her 1969 album Who Really Cares on the basis of his work with Nyro.
Comedian, writer, and singer Sandra Bernhard has spoken extensively of Laura Nyro as an ongoing inspiration. She dedicated a song to her on Excuses for Bad Behavior (Part One). She also sang Nyro's "I Never Meant to Hurt You" in her film Without You I'm Nothing. In some songs, Bernhard sounds very much like Nyro vocally.
Rickie Lee Jones' critically acclaimed album Pirates is in some ways a tribute to Nyro. Songs like "We Belong Together" and "Living It Up" are reminiscent of early Laura Nyro songs.
Nyro had a long-term relationship with singer/songwriter Jackson Browne. The song "That Girl Could Sing", found on Browne's number one album Hold Out, is about Laura Nyro.
1967 - More Than a New Discovery (later reissued as Laura Nyro, 1969, and as The First Songs, 1973)
1968 - Eli and the Thirteenth Confession (reissued and remastered with bonus tracks, 2002, Columbia)
1969 - New York Tendaberry (reissued and remastered with bonus tracks, 2002, Columbia)
1970 - Christmas and the Beads of Sweat March 2008-BMG Sony (US division)
1971 - Gonna Take a Miracle (with Labelle) (reissued and remastered with bonus tracks, 2002, Columbia)
1976 - Smile
1978 - Nested (reissued and remastered, 2008, http://www.iconoclassicrecords.com/)
1984 - Mother's Spiritual
1993 - Walk the Dog and Light the Light
2001 - Angel in the Dark (posthumous album recorded 1994-1995)
1977 - Season of Lights (reissued and remastered, 2008, http://www.iconoclassicrecords.com/)
1989 - Laura: Live at the Bottom Line
2000 - Live at Mountain Stage (recorded 1990)
2002 - Live: The Loom's Desire (recorded 1993-1994)
2003 - Live in Japan (recorded 1994)
2004 - Spread Your Wings and Fly: Live at the Fillmore East (May 30, 1971)
1972 - Laura Nyro sings her Greatest Hits [Japan only]
1980 - Impressions
1997 - Stoned Soul Picnic: The Best of Laura Nyro
1999 - Premium Best Collection-Laura Nyro [Japan only]
2000 - Time and Love: The Essential Masters
2006 - Laura Nyro-Collections [Sony Europe]
"Blowing Away", "Wedding Bell Blues", "Stoned Soul Picnic", "Sweet Blindness", "Save The Country" and "Black Patch", The 5th Dimension; Blood, Sweat & Tears with "And When I Die"; Three Dog Night with "Eli's Coming"; and Barbra Streisand with "Stoney End."
I can only say hearing her music for the first time in 1968 on the radio late at night changed my life. I loved it, and I loved her.
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